Donetsk is the capital of the large industrial region Donbass and the administrative center of the Donetsk region. The Sea of Azov is located 95 kilometers south of it.
Since the middle of the 18th century, coal has been mined in the city and the region. And now within the city there are more than 125 mounds of waste from coal mining. Waste heaps can be seen all over Donetsk.
The area of the city is 385 square kilometers. About 2500 km of them are occupied by city highways, squares and boulevards. There are approximately 2,200 avenues, streets and lanes in Donetsk.
From a bird’s eye view, you can see that the city is surrounded on all sides by forests, rivers, steppes and hills.
The largest river flowing within the city is Kalmius. In 1967, a concrete dam was built, blocking the channel of the Shirokaya River. This body of water became known as the Donetsk Sea.
The Verkhnekalmiusskoye reservoir is located in the northern part of the city and is surrounded by forests from the east, from the south – by the Kalmius river floods. Donetsk Sea is located in the south of the city. The Donetsk Sea and the Nizhnekalmiusskoe reservoir are the main water supply facilities in Donetsk and the region.